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Wheat is one of the first grain cereal plants, which have been cultured from humans. Its ability to self-pollinate has further facilitated the selection of many varieties in certain regions of the world.
In Bulgaria, wheat is the main field crop and it is grown on an area between 10 and 15 million hectares. The most favorable conditions for growing wheat are in Dobrudzha, followed by the remaining plain regions of North Bulgaria, Burgas, etc. Adverse conditions are in mountain areas and Blagoevgrad.
The most widespread in the country is winter wheat, which is used for the production of bread grain and forage. In Southern Bulgaria and near the north Black Sea shores the conditions are suitable for growing durum wheat grain, which is suitable for the production of pasta, rolled, flaked grain , etc. .